# How to Get Free Microsoft Certifications

### 3. Developer Tools

The pack offers some great tools that you can use to help develop and code your projects. These tools are generic, so regardless of what you are working on (eg. game development, IoT, AI/Machine Learning) you can use these tools to help accelerate your work. Some notable examples are free GitHub Pro (for as long as you are a student), and free private Travis CI builds (for as long as you are a student). GitHub Pro is great as it gives you access to almost all the features available on GitHub.

# How to Reduce Your Internet Bill

If you don’t have an internet connection, or just don’t feel like coughing up the money for something you only use once a week, here is how you can get free or cheap internet.

#### Number 1: Find a Free Wireless Connection (Wifi)

Finding free wifi is now easier than ever. Many businesses, such as cafes and coffee shops, now offer free wifi: look for any signs or flyers advertising this. Some places that you may be able to find free wifi could be the local public library, Barnes and Noble, McDonald’s, the airport, university campus, independent coffee shop, or hotel lobby. However, not all airports or hotels or even campuses offer free wifi, so be sure to ask around to find out if yours does.

#### Number 2: Share a Neighbors or Roommates Wireless Connection

Often a search for wireless networks in the neighborhood brings up some of your neighbors wireless networks. Ask your neighbors for permission to use their wifi. If your neighbor says yes, consider offering to pay a share of the internet bill as a way to say thank you.

If you have roommates, consider getting one internet connection for everyone to share. You just need to remember to split the bill.

#### Final Information

• Don’t do any banking or online purchases on any unsecured wireless connection because you’re connecting to an unencrypted connection. You never know who is “listening in”- could be a hacker waiting to find out your bank account.
• Please note that using someone’s wireless network without their permission may be illegal in some areas and you may be subject to consequences.
• The internet connection probably won’t be fast. It will most likely actually be very slow. Before you get angry, please remember: The internet connection was free. So don’t complain!

Windows includes a feature called ReadyBoost that lets you plug in a flash memory stick or SD card to store commonly used files for quicker access than off the hard drive. This allows for quicker system speed and better computer performance.

#### Step 1: Navigate to ReadyBoost

Just stick any flash drive, SD card, or whatever flash device you want into your computer. Click “Speed Up My System” on the Autoplay window that pops up.

An alternative method is to navigate to the device in “My Computer” or “This PC” in Explorer, right click the device, and select the ReadyBoost tab.

Check “Use this device” and set the amount of space you want to use in the window. Windows will create a paging file on the disk, and will use it for faster access to files.

#### Notes

• ReadyBoost will only work with USB flash drives or SD cards.
• When you view your device, you will notice a ReadyBoost file the size you chose before. This will be deleted when you eject your card or flash drive. If you do not eject your flash drive before removing it, the file will still be on there but you can just delete it. ReadyBoost will recreate the cache the next time you use ReadyBoost.
• System Performance Increase will vary from one computer to another. It all depends on your system.
• Depending on your system, you may see a message saying that you do not need ReadyBoost as your computer is already fast enough.

# Customize The Command Prompt

Tired of the old, white text on a black background command prompt? Want to change it to something more lively? Here is how.

#### Option 1: Using The Command Prompt

Funny we should be using the command prompt to change the command prompt. Type “cmd” in the search or run box to launch the command prompt. Type the command “color /?” to get a list of all the colors and instructions. So, to get the color you want, enter color then the option for the background color followed by the font color. For example, if you want an old-fashioned green on black look enter “color 02”. You will not be able to set the font and the background to the same color, which would make the command prompt unreadable. If you want to get back the default settings, simply enter the command “color” to restore the plain-old black and white.

#### Option 2: With a Settings Window

Type “cmd” in the search or run box to launch the command prompt. Click on the Command Prompt icon in the top left corner of the window and select Properties. Select the Colors tab, and then choose the color you want for the screen text and background. If you want, you can also enter your own RGB color combination. Go to the Font tab to change your font. Choose any font you want, as long as it is one of the three options listed. Any customizations you make with the Properties window will be saved, but any customizations you make with the Color command detailed in Option 1 are only for that session.

# Convert FAT32 To NTFS Format

If you have a large hard drive formatted as FAT32, you might have found that you can’t copy large files to that drive. How do you fix that? Today I will be showing you how to convert FAT32 to NTFS format, which can handle large files.

#### Option 1: Convert Directly

Simply run the command prompt as administrator (run “cmd”) and type “convertG: /FS:NTFS” – changing “G” to whatever your drive letter is. The conversion process might take a while, especially if you’ve got a really large drive.

#### Option 2: Reformat the Drive

(Note: Before attempting this, be sure to have a full copy of the drive’s files to restore later.) All you have to do is right-click on the drive, and select “Format” from the menu. And then select NTFS in the file system drop-down. After the format is complete, just copy your files back to the drive as the format will wipe all data from the drive.

Well don’t just stand there. A free utility, Ophcrack, will be able to find your Windows PC password- assuming it is not an “uncrackable” password. Here is how you use Ophcrack.

First you need to go to this website- http://ophcrack.sourceforge.net/download.php?type=livecd– and download the CD version based on which Windows operating system you are trying to crack.

## Step 2: Burn Ophcrack

You will end up with an iso file. Now you need to burn the iso file to a CD- For example a CD-R or CD-RW. Download InfraRecorder from http://infrarecorder.org/?page_id=5 and run the exe file to install InfraRecorder. After you finish the Installation Wizard and complete the installation, open up InfraRecorder. (Make sure you are an Administrator as in Windows XP, InfraRecorder doesn’t have access to my CD drive when I am a limited user.) A window will pop up with several options on it. Click “Write Image”, or you can go to Actions>Burn Image on the bar at the top. Browse to your downloaded Ophcrack iso files, and open it. A window will pop up with options on how you want to burn the file. This is when you put the CD in your CD drive. Make sure “Copies” says one, and leave the other options as default. Now a window will pop up with the progress of the burn. Wait for it to finish, and then eject your CD. You are done burning an Ophcrack Live CD!

## Step 3: Boot into Ophcrack

Once you find and configure the CD Drive to boot first, put the burned CD in your CD Drive and restart your computer.

See http://www.hiren.info/pages/bios-boot-cdrom for a complete Boot CD drive first guide, with handy pictures to guide you through.

# Create a Shortcut to Eject the CD/DVD Drive

Many users want a quick and easy way to open up their CD/DVD drive right from their computer. Today I will show you how to create a shortcut to do just that.

#### How to Create a Shortcut to Eject the CD/DVD Drive

First download the NirCmd utility from Nirsoft here: https://www.nirsoft.net/utils/nircmd.html. Right-click on the desktop or somewhere else and click New- Shortcut from the menu. In the location box, put the pull path to the location of the downloaded NirCmd utility here. At the end, type “cdrom open” along with your disc drive letter. ( Ex: “C:\path\to\nircmd.exe” cdrom open D: ) Notice where the quotes are placed. Give the new shortcut a name, like Eject CD, and create the shortcut. You can put the new shortcut anywhere you want, and double clicking on it will open your disc drive.

### How to Create a Shortcut to Close the CD/DVD Drive

Simply follow the instructions above, however this time instead of typing “cdrom open” just substitute “cdrom close”.

### Give a Hotkey to the Shortcut

Right-click on the shortcut and select Properties from the menu. On the Shortcut tab, you will see a box to put in a Shortcut Key. Type in your desired shortcut key and close the window. Assuming the shortcut is on your desktop you shouldn’t need to restart anything for the hotkey to work. Now you can open your disc drive with just one (or two) keys on your keyboard.

### Give an Icon to the Shortcut

Right-click the shortcut again and select Properties from the menu. Click the Shortcut tab, and you will find a button labeled Change Icon. You will then be able to browse and find a suitable icon for your shortcut. Simply select which icon you want to use and click Ok.

# Customize the Windows 7 Start Orb

Want a way to easily customize your computer? How about changing your Windows 7 Start Orb? Today I will show you how to customize your Windows 7 Start Orb into anything you want with some simple software.

#### Before You Begin

Before you begin, be sure to create a system restore point before you changed the Windows 7 Start Orb. This is to ensure that if anything goes wrong, you can easily restore back. Enter “System Restore” in your start menu search box, and click “Create a restore point”. Click on the Create button, enter a name for your restore point, and click Create.

#### Changing the Windows 7 Start Orb

First download the Windows 7 Start Button Changer from https://www.thewindowsclub.com/windows-7-start-button-changer-released. Run the program as an administrator to make sure that it will function properly. You should now see the main window of the Windows 7 Start Button Changer. Click the orb on the right to change your start button. Browse to the sample orbs folder, and select one of the orbs. Click Open. Your taskbar should disappear for a second, and when it reappears, you will see your new Windows 7 Start Orb!

#### Extras

To change your Windows 7 Start Orb back to the default again, open up Windows 7 Start Button Changer. But this time click the folder next to “Restore Original Explorer Backup”.